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Trees, plants and wildlife in Backmuir Wood

Trees and plants

Backmuir has a wide variety of tree species: oak, beech, birch, silver birch, rowan, sycamore, elder, wild cherry, whitebeam and holly, with alder and willow in the wet areas. Conifers account for around 20% of the wood and include Scots pine, Norway spruce and the occasional larch and Douglas fir.

Ground flora includes heather and blaeberry, wild raspberry, bramble, whin (gorse), broom, primrose, snowdrop, dog violet, daffodil, bluebell, honeysuckle and rush, as well as sphagnum mosses and lichens.


The woodland has a very diverse range of fungi. Bracket fungi include shelf fungus, artist’s fungus, birch bracket, dryad’s saddle, tinder fungus, bitter bracket, lumpy bracket, turkey tail, smoky bracket and hairy curtain crust.

Agaric fungi (gilled mushrooms) include orange grisette, blusher, chanterelle, clustered toughshank, spotted toughshank, clouded funnel, sheathed woodtuft; common rustgill, sulphur tuft, slimy milkcap, deceiver, bicoloured deceiver, amethyst deceiver, porcelain fungus, fawn mushroom, oyster mushroom, ochre brittlegill, blackening brittlegill, geranium brittlegill, sickener, beechwood sickener, green brittlegill, plums and custard, glistening inkcap, fibrecap, and bonnet.

Bolete fungi include red cracked, bay, birch, brown rollrim, larch, and sepia, while sac fungi comprise beech woodwart, birch woodwart, candlesnuff fungus and bolete eater. There are also a number of slime moulds such as dog vomit fungus, scrambled egg slime, red raspberry slime, false puffball, elder whitewash, pear-shaped puffball, and bleeding porecrust.


The woodland is home to roe deer, and red and grey squirrel. The red squirrel is under threat from the larger grey so feeder boxes have been set up which are only accessible to the smaller reds.

Bird species include jay, great spotted woodpecker, yellowhammer, robin, chiffchaff, tree creeper, wren, waxwing, tawny and short-eared owl, buzzard, kestrel and goose.

Look for ladybirds, weevils and other insects. The deadwood provides a habitat for many invertebrate species and the ditches are home to amphibians.

Entry into our woods is free but please donate now to help us care for them.