Credit: Richard Faulks / WTML
Types of grassland
Grasslands vary, depending on whether the site is upland or lowland, and if the soil is chalky, acidic or neutral. Marshy grasslands also occur on damper soils.
Most grassland is used for grazing and agriculture, and some is used for recreation, such as in parks and sports fields. ‘Unimproved’ grasslands are areas that have never been ploughed, reseeded or heavily fertilised. They are semi-natural habitats, which have developed as a result of sustained grazing, and they support a wide range of associated plant and animals. They can sometimes form mosaics with scrub and denser woodlands. Montane grasslands also occur on high mountains.