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Trees, plants and wildlife in Joyden's Wood

In the main section, Joyden’s Wood, semi-mature native species such as beech, sweet chestnut, oak and birch make up just under half the tree stock.

The rest is mostly conifer, consisting of Corsican pine with some western hemlock, larch and Scots pine. There is also some wild cherry, holly, goat willow, ash, hazel, sycamore, aspen, Norway maple, western red cedar, larch, and the occasional Lawson cypress, yew and wild service tree.

Gattons Plantation is made up of mature broadleaf species such as oak, willow and holly. The ground flora is colourful with specialist woodland plants as well as regionally rare plants: green hellebore, early-purple orchid, broad-leaved helleborine, orpine and Solomon's-seal.

Sand Spinney is dominated by mature Corsican pine and sycamore with some beech, elder and a small clump of small-leaved lime.

Ground flora is particularly diverse in the areas that have been thinned of conifer. Plants recorded across the site include bluebell, lily of the valley, white helleborine, honeysuckle, wood sage, wood spurge, broom, brooklime, marsh cudweed, bird’s-foot trefoil, golden rod, betony, water mint, upright hedge parsley, guelder rose, thyme-leaved speedwell, germander speedwell, wood speedwell, self-heal, common figwort, enchanter’s nightshade, coltsfoot, tufted vetch, bush vetch, wood-rush, shining crane’s bill, sanicle, St John’s wort, greater stichwort, dock, greater celandine, tormentil, yellow pimpernel, hawthorn, wild strawberry and three-nerved sandwort. Look out for the tiny slender-parsley-piert and bird’s-foot in the small area of open heathland in the centre of Joyden’s Wood.

There are many ferns and bryophytes, including 33 different mosses and liverworts, and the wood has a colourful selection of fungi including the blusher, lilac bonnet, amethyst deceiver, fawn mushroom, fly agaric, slippery jack, penny bun, fairy ring mushroom, crust fungus, Trechispora and St George’s mushroom.

Wildlife

The wood’s mammals include fox, rabbit, badger, dormouse and bat. There is also an abundance of bird species including woodpecker, song thrush, treecreeper, nuthatch, goldcrest, crossbill, bullfinch, siskin, coal tit, chiffchaff, redwing, fieldfare, lesser redpoll, mealy redpoll, turtle dove, jackdaw, and birds of prey such as owl, buzzard, sparrowhawk, red kite, hobby and kestrel.

Both Joyden’s Wood and Gattons Plantation have two ponds, which provide a habitat for waterfowl, wading birds and amphibians, including past recordings of the rare great crested newt, the smooth newt and palmate newt.

The areas of heathland attract many butterfly and moth species, such as the silver-washed fritillary, dark green fritillary, purple hairstreak, white admiral, red admiral, comma, large white, common blue, ringlet, green-veined white, small white, brimstone, large skipper, common carpet, speckled yellow and brown argus. Other invertebrate species include the brown hawker dragonfly, cranefly, hoverfly, millipede, 14-spot ladybird, dock bug, wolf spider and southern wood ant. Joyden’s Wood is one of the few wood ant sites in the Greater London area.

Entry into our woods is free but please donate now to help us care for them.