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Wildlife and trees and plants at Killaloo Wood

The Faughan Valley’s mammal species include red squirrel, otter, fox, badger and possibly pine marten.

Birds include kingfisher, swallow, jay, sand martin, willow warbler, grey wagtail, snipe, sparrowhawk, buzzard, blackcap, chiffchaff, robin, wren, blue tit, great tit, long-tailed tit, goldcrest, whitethroat, reed bunting and meadow pipit. One of the rarest butterflies in Northern Ireland, the purple hairstreak has been spotted at Killaloo Wood.

The river has a large population of Atlantic salmon and several priority species – twaite shad, European smelt, sea lamprey, and river/brook lamprey – have been reported in the estuaries.

Trees and plants

The wood contains fragments of semi-natural ancient woodland and, as part of the Woods on Your Doorstep community woodland creation project, 4.35ha (10.7 acres) of new native woodland has been planted on the site. The main species are oak, hazel and holly. The new woodland will link and buffer the fragments of existing ancient woodland. It’s also hoped that there will be natural regeneration in the site.

Ground flora includes woodrush, bluebell, wood anemone, wood sorrel, wild garlic, pennywort, harts tongue fern and moss.