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Trees and plants at Great Knott Wood

Great Knott Wood is an ancient woodland site, much of which has been planted with non-native conifers such as Norway spruce with some Sitka spruce and larch. There are also remnant patches of broadleaf trees, including sessile oak, sycamore, ash, alder, birch, beech and yew with an understorey of hazel, holly, hawthorn and the occasional rowan and cherry.

There are a number of mature trees particularly mature yews, along with a few small-leaved limes which may be older than the yews. There is a coppiced beech with over thirty ‘stems’ coming from the base and a number of sycamore coppices with several large trunks growing from their stools (bases).

Under the dense areas of conifer, there is much moss, some ferns and patches of wood sorrel. Where broadleaves are dominant, ground flora includes bluebell, wild garlic, dog’s mercury, wood sorrel, wood anemone, foxglove, wood rush, lesser celandine, greater stitchwort, lords and ladies, honeysuckle, bilberry, opposite leaved golden saxifrage and a range of fern species, including broad buckler, common polypody, Hart’s tongue, hard fern, oak fern and beech fern.

Deadwood also provides a habitat for fungi and insects.