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Trees, plants and wildlife at Cwm George and Casehill Woods


A number of rare moths inhabit the wood that rely entirely on the small-leaved lime which grows in Cwm George Woods – one of the few places where this species occurs naturally in the south of the county.

Trees and Plants

The existing planted ancient semi-natural woodlands of Cwm George Wood and Casehill Wood have been linked by new native tree planting on former agricultural land now known as Pen-y-Turnpike Wood and Casehill Meadows . The main tree species across the site is a mix of broadleaved trees dominated by oak and ash, with areas populated by beech from former plantings, and a range of shrubs. Extensive areas of grassland have been left unplanted and are being restored to incorporate multiple species for the further benefit of wildlife and visitors.

Allerton Oak (Credit WTPL/Anita Smith)
Oak (Photo: WTML)

The main restoration phase has been completed with the removal of larch from the site. Both ancient semi-natural woodland and planted ancient woodland has been recognised as key features for the site.

Both Casehill and Cwm George woods contain a variety of ancient woodland flora, including a good population of bluebell and early purple orchid. Other ground flora species include dog's mercury, enchanter’s nightshade and wood sedge. The site also includes one of the largest concentrations of herb Paris in this part of the world, while Cwm George Wood is one o the few places where the small-leaved lime occurs naturally in the south of the county.

There is also a very rare type of lords-and-ladies growing on the hill fort and only known in a handful of places in the UK.