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Woodland habitats

There are many types of woodland in the UK, each varied and complex and influenced by geology, soils, climate, and history.

Woodland diversity in the UK

A woodland journey through the UK begins in the lush, temperate forests of the north and west coastal areas. Here, Atlantic oak and hazel woods drip with mosses and lichens. In the Scottish highlands there are native pinewoods, with their magnificent, twisted granny pines.

Further south, ash woodland is a feature of the limestone landscape of the Derbyshire Dales and Peak District. In the east, habitats include limewoods of the East Midlands, ancient coppice woods of East Anglia. These are often carpeted with colourful displays of flowers in the spring.

Heading west you will encounter beech woods in the Wye Valley, Cotswolds, and Chilterns. These are cool and shady in summer, with fiery carpets of fallen leaves in autumn. Further south, in Kent and Sussex, there are areas of ancient woodland and sweet chestnut coppice.

In old hunting grounds such as the New Forest, the landscape is wood pasture dotted with magnificent ancient trees. In the south-west, there is a return to the Atlantic fringes where ancient oakwoods nestle in gullies and gills.