How do bank voles breed?
Bank voles usually breed in shallow burrows. They produce three to four litters of between three and five young per year. Females tend to favour dominant males. Both males and females can be aggressive to litters that aren’t their own, with some females attacking litters in overlapping territories.
Voles are born hairless and blind and are weaned after about 25 days. Females reach sexual maturity after six weeks and males after eight. Bank voles can live for around two years, but few reach such an age, with many falling victim to predators.