Did you know there are more than 60,000 species of tree across the world? From the mighty oak to the weeping willow, the UK is home to a small but special proportion of these. If you’ve ever wondered which trees are the most common, we’ve put together a list of some of the most numerous species in the country.
We’ve only included native species. This means they were already growing here before the UK disconnected from mainland Europe and not introduced by humans.
Read on to learn more about these trees and how you can spot them on your next woodland walk.
Alder (Alnus glutinosa)
Where to find it: Often in moist ground such as marshes and wet woodland.
How to identify: Look out for the female catkins - small brown cones that stay on the tree all year round.
Did you know: It's said that alder flowers are used to dye the clothes of fairies. The dark green colour keeps them hidden in the forest!
Beech (Fagus sylvatica)
Where to find it: Normally on drier, well-drained soils like chalk and limestone.
How to identify: Leaves have hairy edges and produces four-lobed seed cases that fall to the forest floor.
Did you know: The beech is a symbol of femininity and considered the queen of British trees.
English oak (Quercus robur)
Where to find it: Our most common tree, particularly numerous in southern and central England.
How to identify: Look for distinctive leaves with rounded lobes and short leaf stalks.
Did you know: Oaks can grow up to 40m tall, but may shorten over time to extend their lifespan.
Hawthorn (Crataegus monogyna)
Where to find it: Often in hedgerows and scrubland as well as woods.
How to identify: Has clustered white flowers with five petals and spiny twigs.
Did you know: Over 300 insect species rely on this tree for food.
Hazel (Corylus avellana)
Where to find it: Often found in the understorey of oak, ash and birch woodland.
How to identify: Hazel leaves are soft to the touch due to the presence of small downy hairs.
Did you know: Hazel nuts are an important food for dormice, helping them fatten up for hibernation.