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Wood warbler (Phylloscopus sibilatrix)

A ground-nesting summer migrant which favours upland oakwoods.

Common name: wood warbler

Scientific name: Phylloscopus sibilatrix
Family: Sylviidae (warblers and allies)

Appearance

Head: yellow-green crown, with a black stripe through its eye and a yellow stripe above that. The bird’s throat is visibly yellow. 

Wings: darker in colour but with yellow edges. 

Body: the upper part of the bird displays a yellow-green plumage and the underparts are white. 

Where to spot

Found in Wales, parts of England as well as a few areas in Ireland and Scotland, it favours upland oakwoods. It can also be found in other woodlands but the amount of shrub has to be low and mature trees need to be present.

Feeding

Invertebrates, such as flies, as well as spiders.

Breeding

Breeding begins in May and a clutch of five to six eggs are laid in a nest on the ground. Chicks will fledge when they are around 13 days old.

Facts

  • This species migrates to Africa, arriving back in the UK from April to May and will spend a few months here before departing once more during July or August.
  • The wood warbler is of conservation concern and is on the UK Red List for birds.
  • Its song is a rich trill of notes.
  • Sometimes confused with other warblers, like the willow warbler and chiffchaff, the wood warbler can be distinguished by the clear division in colour between its yellow breast and white under plumage.