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Ecological benefits of trees outside woods

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The role of trees outside woods report
Publication date 2017
Publication type Research report
Pages 23

Trees outside woods (TOWs), such as copses, hedgerows, scattered trees and orchards, make important contributions to the connectivity and ecological functioning of rural and urban landscapes.

TOWs come in various forms and play important roles in facilitating species movements, dispersal and gene flow, among others. Studies from the UK, taken together with evidence from other countries, suggest the contributions of TOWs within the landscape to be overwhelmingly positive. But the nature and extent of their effects differ depending on the species or landscape being considered, and attributes of the TOWs themselves.