England Tree Strategy must deliver for climate, nature and people
The Government today launched a consultation on the England Tree Strategy (ETS). The strategy will be fundamental in ensuring the planned expansion for trees and woods tackles the nature and climate crises together. It is a major opportunity for ministers to turn their commitment to tree and woodland expansion into a reality and set the path to tackle both wildlife collapse and the global climate crisis by protecting, restoring and massively expanding England’s woodland and tree cover.
The Woodland Trust, National Trust and The Rivers Trust have come together to set out five tests that the final strategy must meet to expand, connect, restore and protect our woods and trees.
Our trees and woods are fragmented and face increasing threats from pests and diseases, climate change and development pressure. One in 10 of the country’s woodland species is in danger of extinction and there are more ancient woodlands under threat now than since records began.
Credit: Ken Whitcombe / WTML
There is so much to gain by investing in new trees and woods. Well-located tree cover can:
- reduce the risk of flooding
- filter pollutants
- create thousands of new jobs
- provide sustainable timber
- make people happier and healthier.
The consultation identifies many of the right questions. But without a bold vision, adequate funding, real political will and ambitious targets to make it a reality, the final strategy will miss the opportunity for our trees and woods to deliver for people and nature.
Darren Moorcroft, CEO, Woodland Trust said:
"The England Tree Strategy needs to deliver for nature, climate and people. It must set out how trees will help us cut carbon, support nature and wildlife, and contribute to better and more resilient landscapes and places to live and work. That means not just more trees in the ground, but planning expansion in a joined up way and doing much more to look after the trees and woods we already have.
“Protecting, restoring and expanding native tree cover – with all the social, economic and environmental benefits that will bring - belongs at the heart of any ‘green recovery’. We welcome the consultation as a first step toward that vision.”
Patrick Begg, outdoors and natural resources director at the National Trust said:
"Trees play an extremely important role for both people and nature. They provide vital habitat for wildlife, absorb carbon, and provide us with shade, beauty and enjoyment, and sustainable building materials. The UK has one of the lowest levels of woodland cover of any European country, and the England Tree Strategy is crucial to setting the path to expanding our tree coverage with the right trees in the right places, which build our resilience to future climate change and benefit people, water, and biodiversity. It must drive improvements in the ways that we care for and use our trees - from woods, forests and agroforestry, to new wood pasture and trees in towns and cities. We want everyone to be able to see trees from their window - wherever they live."
Mark Lloyd, CEO, The Rivers Trust said:
“It is very exciting that hundreds of millions of pounds are going to be spent on increasing the number of trees in our landscapes. The scale of return on this investment will depend on the England Tree Strategy ensuring that the right trees are planted in the right places. Decisions about what and where to plant need to be driven by an understanding of the specific ecological and hydrological pressures at a river catchment scale if we are to maximise the myriad benefits to society of planting trees. We need to measure success in terms of quality rather than simply acreage.”
The five tests
The five tests that the England Tree Strategy must meet to answer this challenge are:
1. Deliver new woodland for nature, rivers, soils and climate
The Government’s target for 30,000ha of new woodland in England by 2025 must be a minimum net increase. Public money for trees must combine quantity with quality to support native woodlands which offer multiple benefits including long-term carbon storage, natural beauty, health benefits and important habitats. Working at landscape-scale, the objective should be to create mosaics of nature-rich habitats through a mixture of new planting and allowing existing woodland to expand naturally.
The ETS must:
- Set targets for quality, not just quantity of new woodland so it delivers for carbon, nature and people.
- Set a minimum net increase in woodland cover of 30,000 hectares from 2020 to 2025 supported by targets for riparian planting, natural regeneration, scrub and hedgerows.
- Confirm that at least 18,000ha will be new native woodland achieved through planting and natural regeneration.
- Target woodland planting at a landscape-scale to maximise its value for water and soil, reduce pollution and flood risk and boost agricultural productivity, recreation and biodiversity.
2. Protect and restore existing woods and the biodiversity within them
A step change is needed in how we protect and enhance our woods so that they can play a vital part in a UK-wide restoration of rivers, nature and wildlife. Our finest and most important trees and woods need to be properly protected by the planning system and ancient woodlands which have been damaged by plantations must be restored. We must invest and expand UK nurseries to reduce the threat of importing trees with devastating diseases like ash dieback.
We need the ETS to:
- Set a target to significantly increase the area of native woodland in good condition for nature recovery.
- Ensure all Plantation on Ancient Woodland sites (PAWS) are in restoration by 2030.
- Transform how we protect trees and woods from diseases and pests by encouraging more tree planting to be sourced and grown in the UK and for new processes and resourcing for quarantine, testing and rapid response to disease outbreaks.
- Commit to the maintenance and full implementation of the National Planning Policy Framework on ancient woodland and veteran trees.
3. Connect people and trees
Trees and woods make our towns and cities better, healthier and more resilient places to live. They help prevent flooding, reduce urban heat, filter pollution from the air and make great places for experiencing and enjoying nature. Local authorities and developers must have plans and resources to protect, manage, restore and expand woodland and tree cover. As well as looking after existing trees, more woodland should be included in new developments along with plans for accessible new woods near to where people live.
We call on the ETS to:
- Support innovative approaches such as the Northern Forest to establish major new areas of woodland around large settlements, connecting habitats and improving the management of river catchments.
- Set out best practice for local authorities for Local Tree and Woodland Plans to increase tree canopy cover to at least 30% in new developments and give more protection to trees especially where they are performing an important service like flood protection.
- Make sure street trees are managed and protected properly and new requirements on consulting communities before any felling activity is implemented.
- Set out how the public forest estate can maximise its value to people and nature.
4. Support the woodland economy
The UK’s woods and forests absorb carbon, support leisure, reduce flooding, and provide timber worth a staggering £130 billion. We can do more. Expanding our woods can enhance landscapes and support tourism, while investing in supply chains and specialist skills will create jobs and mean more of our trees are well looked after.
The ETS must:
- Invest in plant nursery capacity and in seed production and collection so all new trees planted using public money are UK-grown.
- Support local economies by investing in skills training needed to care for trees and expand our woodlands, and in promoting attractive landscapes that help support tourism.
- Strengthen supply chains to encourage more use of homegrown timber as a sustainable building material for new build, renovation and repair.
5. Funding to make it happen
The ETS must be accompanied by significant public funding. This should deliver things which would not otherwise happen, including support for nature and habitats, flood protection, pollution prevention and public access. Financial support is needed for the care of existing trees and woods, and not just to increase tree cover. Government agencies will also need resources to oversee the ETS’s implementation.
The ETS needs to:
- Confirm that the Nature for Climate Fund will provide major financial support to the objectives in the ETS.
- Ensure that investments are made on the basis of 'public money for public goods'.
- Integrate and give equal value to nature and climate in decision making on investment.
- Set out medium term investment priorities, beyond 2025.
Notes to editors
For more information contact Steve Marsh at the Woodland Trust on: 07971 164 517 firstname.lastname@example.org Interviews available on request.
About the Woodland Trust
The Woodland Trust is the largest woodland conservation charity in the UK. It has over 500,000 supporters. It wants to see a UK rich in native woods and trees for people and wildlife.
The Trust has three key aims:
- protect ancient woodland which is rare, unique and irreplaceable
- restoration of damaged ancient woodland, bringing precious pieces of our natural history back to life
- plant native trees and woods with the aim of creating resilient landscapes for people and wildlife.
Established in 1972, the Woodland Trust now has over 1,200 sites in its care covering approximately 29,000 hectares. Access to its woods is free so everyone can benefit from woods and trees.
The Government has set itself a target of establishing 30,000 ha of new woodland in England by 2025 as outlined in the 2020 budget statement. The figures are associated with the Government’s commitment to the Committee on Climate Change’s Net Zero projections advocating the need for 30,000 ha of new trees being established in the UK every year to 2050, to take woodland cover in the UK from 13-17%. Provisional figures published by the Forestry Commission show:
- 13,460 hectares of new woodland was created in the UK 2019-20 (2,330 in England, 10,860 in Scotland, 200 in Northern Ireland, 80 in Wales)
- Over 80 per cent of new planting in the UK in 2019-20 took place in Scotland
- Of planting in England in 2019-20, 2,100ha were broadleaf and 230 conifer
- Between 2016-2020, 7,220 ha of new woodland was planted in the England
- 13% of the total UK land is woodland (10% in England, 15% in Wales, 19% in Scotland and 9% in Northern Ireland